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LEGAL DOCUMENTS

The Constitution of Japan (1947)

 

Specially Designated Secrets Protection Act (2014)

 

Act on the Protection of Personal Information (Act No. 57 of 2003)

 

Act on the Protection of Personal Information Held by Administrative Organs (Act No. 58 of 2003)

 

Law Concerning Access to Information Held by Incorporated Administrative Agencies, etc. (2001)

 

Law Concerning Access to Information Held by Administrative Organs (1999)

 

NGOs AND CIVIL SOCIETY

Information Clearinghouse Japan

 

National Citizen Ombudsmen Network

 

Citizens’ Center for Information Disclosure

 

Transparency International Japan

 

RESOURCES

The Birth of the Freedom of Information Act in Japan: Kanagawa 1982 (posted 8 September 2003)

 

Japan - Breaking Down the Walls of Secrecy: The Story of the Citizen's Movement for an Information Disclosure Law (posted 27 July 2002)

 

World Bank summary of RTI in Japan

 

Analysis: Japanese Government Information: New Rules for Access (posted 5 July 2002)

 

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

History and Chronology

 


contributors

Lawrence Repeta

Author of numerous works on Japanese law and member of the Washington State Bar Association

 

 

Measuring Openness

Global Right to Information Rating
A country-by-country rating of laws by the Centre for Democracy and Law and Access Info.

Freedom House
The Freedom in the World report.

World Bank
Worldwide Governance Indicators

Transparency International, Corruption Perceptions Index
Measures perceptions of the degree of corruption.

Reporters Without Borders
The Press Freedom Index.